Packaging of Dangerous Goods for Transport

The transport of dangerous goods either within New Zealand or for export requires special care due to obvious safety reasons. Properly packaging the goods prior to transport is one of the key elements to insuring the safe movement of dangerous goods from one destination to another.

First Determine if You Are Dealing With Dangerous Goods

Generally, a product is considered a dangerous good if they pose some risk of harm to people, property or the environment. They include substances that are explosive, flammable, toxic, infectious, corrosive or are environmentally hazardous. Many different kinds of goods can fall under this category, including fuel, paint, fireworks, pool chemicals and compressed gases.

Classification and Labeling

All dangerous goods that are to be transported must be properly labeled so they are easily identified during transport. Labeling is done following the UN coding system. This includes a numbering system that categorizes different substances as follows:

Class 1 Explosives

Class 2 Gases

Class 3 Flammable liquids

Class 4 Flammable solids

Class 5 Oxidizing Substances

Class 6 Toxic substances

Class 7 Radioactive materials

Class 8 Corrosives

Class 9 Miscellaneous substances

When a package includes a mixture of substances, the label must indicate this, and the classification is chosen according to the primary substance contained in the package.

Packaging and Container Requirements for Dangerous Goods

All requirements for the proper packaging of dangerous goods for transport are based on the goal that they should visit our website pose little, (or at a minimum, acceptable) risk, while being transported. It is very important that care is taken to meet the requirements based on the mode of transportation. For example, dangerous goods to be transported by land should meet the Land Transport Rule: Dangerous Goods 2005. When transporting dangerous goods by air, the Civil Aviation Rule must be followed. Packaging for air transport must be approved by the Director of the CAA.

When transporting dangerous goods by sea, all packaging must comply with requirements of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG). A handful of organizations have been delegated authority to approve, inspect and test all portable tanks, tank containers and freight containers, including:

American Bureau of Shipping

Bureau Veritas

Det Norske Veritas

Germanischer Lloyd

Lloyd’s Register of Shipping

Properly Packaging Your Dangerous Goods

Compatibility of Package and Substance Being Transported

It is the shipper’s responsibility to make sure the packaging material is compatible with the dangerous goods being shipped. Care must be taken to transport the goods in packaging that will not do any of the following to the packaging material: react dangerously, weaken share this site or cause it to become brittle.

Size and Strength of Packaging is Important

During transport, your cargo of dangerous goods will be subject to temperature changes and movement. Before packaging, make sure the containers will continue to be the correct size and strength for any changes that may occur due to these factors. For example:

The packaging must be able to withstand any changes to the internal pressure caused by a temperature increase.

Liquids must have a specific gravity that is less than or equal to the test specifications of the package.

Any materials used to cushion or absorb dangerous goods during transport must also be compatible with the substances in the container.

When dealing with the storage and transport of dangerous goods, packaging is one of the most important factors to consider. By following all regulatory and safety requirements, you can help insure that your dangerous goods are successfully transported in good condition.

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